Pius “Mau” Piailug (1932 12 July 2010) was a Micronesian navigator from the Carolinian island of Satawal, best known as a teacher of traditional, non-instrument wayfinding methods for deep-sea voyaging. Mau’s Carolinian navigation systemwhich relies on navigational clues using the sun and stars, winds and clouds, seas and swells, and birds and fishwas acquired through rote learning passed down through teachings in the oral tradition. He earned the title of master navigator (palu) by the age of 18, around the time the first American missionaries arrived in Satawal. As he neared middle age, Mau grew concerned that the practice of navigation in Satawal would disappear as his people became acculturated to Western values. In the hope that the navigational tradition would be preserved for future generations, Mau shared his knowledge with the Polynesian Voyaging Society (PVS). With Mau’s help, PVS used experimental archaeology to recreate and test lost Hawaiian navigational techniques on the H?k?lea, a modern reconstruction of a double-hulled Hawaiian voyaging canoe.